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Posts Under Thai Herbs and Spices Category

The Thai Bird Chili

The Thai Bird Chili

You can find spicy foods in many countries of the world from China to Mexico, but rarely will you find any spicier than Thai foods. This spiciness is almost always thanks to the ubiquitous Thai bird chili. This deceptively small chili packs a wallop that will make tears flow from the eyes of grown men. Thais add these chili’s to many of their dishes, from the northern larb dishes to the s...

Lemon Grass (Ta-khrai)

Lemon Grass (Ta-khrai)

The scientific name of lemon grass is Cymbopogon citratus Stapf. It is in the GRAMINEAE family. The other names that Thai people call lemon grass are Cha-khai in northern Thailand and Khrai in southern Thailand. Lemon grass originated in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, India, Thailand, and in South America. Lemon grass is a short-cycled plant and considered part of the grass family, which grows t...

Holy Basil, Sacred Basil (Ga-Prow)

Holy Basil, Sacred Basil (Ga-Prow)

The holy basil scientific name is Ocimum sanctum linn. and it is a plant in the Labiatae family. The important plants in this family include sweet basil, lemon basil, etc. Other names that Thai people call holy basil such as in central Thailand are red holy basil (Ga-prow Dang), white holy basil (Ga-prow Kow); northern and Chiang Mai province call it Gum Gau Kow, Gum Gau Dam, Gom Gau Kow, Gom Gau...

Vietnamese Coriander

Vietnamese Coriander

Vietnamese Coriander is a seasonal plant with strong fragrance, because it has oil glands throughout every part of the plant. The bush grows to about 3-35 cm tall.  The trunk of the bush is green mixed with a light red color. The stem stands up straight, the top part is upright as well, but the bottom part will lay down on the ground. The stem will also have joints that connect together and ofte...

Phrik Khee Nuu

Phrik Khee Nuu

Phrik Khee Nuu is a small bush with the height of 30-120 cm. It has flat, oily and smooth leaves. It has small and slender fruits about 2-3 cm long. When young the fruit has dark green color but when it ripens it will gradually change to a bright red color. It has hot spicy taste. The fruits are used either fresh or dried as ingredients in various Thai dishes to add spiciness and heat. It is a...